A fire hydrant is a source of water provided in many regions with municipal water service available to assist the firefighters in extinguishing a fire. Fire hydrants are built in order to enable the firefighters to attend to fire emergences. There is a wide range of fire hydrant systems and yard hydrants and their required accessories available in the market.
Typically a fire hydrant system consists of AC motor driven pump sets along with all the necessary accessories such as valves, controls and instruments etc. an automatic hydrant system is completely equipped covering the areas fully from independent pipe work, the fire water pump set. The proposed jockey pump maintains the pressure of the fire hydrant pump while taking care of leakages if any in the system valves fittings and pipe lines. At all times the hydrant system is kept under the charge of pressured water. During an outbreak of a fire or related emergencies when any of the hydrant valves is opened in the net work, the relative fall in the pressure system automatically enables the start of ac motor driven fire water pumping set through pressure switches. There always will be a diesel engine pump in a standby serving the fire hydrant system. Though these fire hydrant systems are automatic, provisions are available for manual start up operations too, however shutting down of the pump sets will be manual.
Fire hydrant equipment systems can be furnished inside the buildings too. These hydrants are furnished along with required accessories such as hose pipes with spontaneous gun metal couplings as well as g.m branch pipes located in hose cabinets. Landing valve is generally single headed type and the outlets are of gun metal. With the help of suitable heavy brackets and supports HT Hose reels are firmly held up against the wall.
The hydrant main is laid in the form of ring main. In order to release the trapped air in the pipe work the hydrant risers are terminated with air release valves at the highest points.
Fire hardly takes one minute to spread around and destroy everything comes in its way. When fire accident happens in a building, people vacate the area and shift to safer place, sometimes out of the premises as well. Using fire fighting equipments, the specialized team tries to down the flames, however, in case of severe fire, they call fire brigade. It is necessary to take quick actions in such cases as fire can burn every little and big thing in a few times, which will result in heavy losses. Even people can become unconscious due to toxic gases released after burning of the objects.
There are fire fighting equipments supplied by Indian manufacturers to withstand fire incidents and prevent life and property loss. These special equipments are:
- Self contained apparatus- This is essential equipment for firefighter as it constitutes the canister that enables the person to breathe in the compact room up to an hour. Self contained apparatus also has alarm safety system that gets started after 30 seconds of the non-movement. This firefighting equipment also enables firefighter to call help in case of emergency.
- Fire Truck- It is also vital equipment that assists in distributing water to the burning area. It is also used for carrying fire fighting equipments along with firefighters to the destination.
- Accessories- Firefighters use different firefighting accessories, such as- leather gloves that resist heat, fire resistant boots, hoods, wristlets and specialized goggles.
- Pipes and other gears- Water pipes are foremost equipments that are used for spilling water to get control over the fire. Firefighters also use 150 feet long rope for rescue operations.
Fire fighting equipments suppliers in India offer all of the above equipments and tools to fire specialists for various rescue operations. These equipments are intended by specialized engineers to meet safety standards and requirements at reasonable rates.